N-linked glycosylation determines cell surface expression of two-pore-domain K+ channel TRESK
Egenberger B, Polleichtner G, Wischmeyer E, Döring F (2010)
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 391:12672-12677
Within the first external loop of mouse and human TRESK subunits one or two N-glycosylation consensus sites were identified, respectively. Using site directed mutagenesis and Western immunoblotting a single residue of both orthologues was found to be glycosylated upon heterologous expression. Two-electrode voltage-clamp recordings from Xenopus oocytes revealed that current amplitudes of N-glycosylation mutants were reduced by 80% as compared to wildtype TRESK. To investigate membrane targeting, GFP-tagged TRESK subunits were expressed in Xenopus oocytes and fluorescence intensity at the cell surface was measured by confocal microscopy. Signals of the N-glycosylation mutants were reduced by >50%, indicating that their lower current amplitudes substantially result from inadequate surface expression of the channel.